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10-Dr Eddie Fenech Adami

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1934 –

PRIME MINISTER OF MALTA  (1987 – 1996, 1998 – 2004)

Edward Fenech-Adami was born in 1934, the son of a customs officer. He was educated at the Jesuit college and the University of Malta, where he first studied economics and the classics and later law.  He was called to the bar in 1959.

He joined the Christian Democratic Nationalist Party (PN) in the early 1960s, establishing a reputation as a reserved but determined and capable constituency official. He entered parliament in 1969. In 1977, having served in a number of senior party posts, including president of the Administrative and General Councils, he was elected party leader, succeeding Dr. Gorg Borg-Oliver. Under his direction, younger and more open-minded and socially conscious elements were brought into the PN.  

Dr Fenech-Adami’s style of leadership immediately generated great support amongst the electorate, and in the 1981 elections the PN obtained an absolute majority of the vote. The long and difficult years of opposition, however, continued for another five years until constitutional changes were made to guarantee that the party winning an absolute majority of votes would have a parliamentary majority. In the 1987 elections, the PN again won an absolute majority and, this time, took over government with Dr Eddie Fenech-Adami as Prime Minister. Dr Fenech-Adami led the PN to another electoral victory in 1992, with an increased majority for his government.  

Between 1987 and 1996, Prime Minister Fenech-Adami ushered in a major period of change forMalta. The country’s physical infrastructure was completely overhauled as were the legal and business structures. Sixteen years of socialist policies were rolled back and trade was liberalised whilst telecommunications, banking and financial services were deregulated and/or privatised. The result was nine years of economic growth, averaging 5% per annum in real terms. Malta also began a period of integration with the European Union when its application was presented in 1990.  

The PN lost the 1996 election, in part because of disgruntlement following the introduction of Value Added Tax. The period in opposition, during which the elected Government suspended Malta’s application to the European Union, was, however, short-lived as the Labour Government was unable to retain its majority in Parliament.  In September 1998, Dr Fenech-Adami led the PN to another electoral victory, this time winning its largest majority since the second world war.  He immediately reactivated Malta’s EU application and succeeded in fully concluding negotiations by December 2002.  In April 2003 Dr Edward Fenech-Adami was again confirmed as Prime Minister, following yet another electoral victory.  

On the 16th April, 2003, Prime Minister Fenech Adami signed Malta’s Accession Treaty with the European Union, together with nine other Heads of Government of countries set to become EU members in May 2004.  On the 7th February 2004 , Dr Fenech Adami decided to tender his resignation as Nationalist Party Leader, upon reaching his 70th Birthday and was succeeded by Dr Lawrence Gonzi.  On the 23rd March 2004, Dr Edward Fenech  Adami resigned his premiership as well as his parliamentary seat.  

Between April 2004 and March 2009  he served as the eight President of the Republic of Malta.

Dr Edward Fenech Adami was married to Mary nee Sciberras who died on 8th July 2011 and they had five children.  

 

_________

 

CABINET  May 1987 –   May 1990

Minister Ministry
Dr Eddie Fenech Adami Prime Minister
Dr Guido deMarco Justice & Home Affairs
Dr Censu Tabone Foreign Affairs
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici Education
Dr Louis Galea Social Policy
Not George Bonello du Puis Finance
Michael Falzon Infrastructure
Lawrence Gatt Production Development
Dr Emmanuel Bonnici Tertiary Development
Anton Tabone Gozo
Parliamentary Secretary Portfolio
Dr George Hyzler Health
Dr John Rizzo Naudi Aged
Dr Joe Cassar Housing
Ninu Zammit Water & Energy
Pierre Muscat Posts & Telecommunications
John Dalli Industry
Dr Michael Refalo Tourism
Dr Joe Fenech Maritime Affairs

Note: Dr Censu Tabone resigned to be appointed President of the Republic on 4th April 1989.  On 5th April 1990 Pierre Muscat died.    On 3rd May 1990  a cabinet reshuffle was announced.

CABINET  May 1990 –   1992

Minister Ministry
Dr Eddie Fenech Adami Prime Minister
Dr Guido deMarco Justice & Foreign Affairs
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici Education & Home Affairs
Dr Louis Galea Social Policy
Not George Bonello du Puis Finance
Michael Falzon Infrastructure
Lawrence Gatt Agriculture & Fisheries
Dr Emmanuel Bonnici Tertiary Development
Anton Tabone Gozo
John Dalli Economic Affairs
Parliamentary Secretary Portfolio
Dr George Hyzler Health
Dr John Rizzo Naudi Aged
Dr Joe Cassar Housing
Ninu Zammit Water & Energy
Dr Francis Zammit Dimech Telecommunications & Transport
John Dalli Industry
Dr Michael Refalo Tourism
Dr Joe Fenech Maritime  & Offshore Affairs
Dr Stanley Zammit Environment
Dr Michael Frendo Youth, Culture & Consumer Protection

CABINET  1992 – 1996

Minister Ministry
Dr Eddie Fenech Adami Prime Minister
Dr Guido deMarco Foreign Affairs
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici Education & Human  Resources
Dr Louis Galea Home Affairs & Social Policy
Not George Bonello du Puis Economic Services
Michael Falzon Environment
Lawrence Gatt Food, Agriculture & Fisheries
Dr George Hyzler Health
Anton Tabone Gozo
John Dalli Finance
Dr Joseph Fenech Justice
Dr Michael Frendo Youth & Arts
Dr Francis Zammit Dimech Transport & Communications
Parliamentary Secretary Portfolio
Dr John Rizzo Naudi Social Policy
Dr Antoine Mifsud Bonnici Social Policy
Ninu Zammit Water & Energy
Dr Joseph Cassar Human Resources
Dr Michael Refalo Tourism
Censu Galea Social Policy
Dr Stanley Zammit Environment

Note: Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici resigned in March 1994 to be appointed President of the Republic.  Michael Falzon became Minister for Education, Francis Zammit Dimech became Minister for Infrastructure and Michael Frendo became Minister for Tansport & Communications.

CABINET  1998 – 2003

Minister Ministry
Dr Eddie Fenech Adami Prime Minister
Dr Guido deMarco Foreign Affairs
Dr Louis Galea Education
Dr Lawrence Gonzi Social Policy
Profs Josef Bonnici Economic Services
Francis Zammit Dimech Environment
Ninu Zammit Food, Agriculture & Fisheries
Louis Deguara Health
Giovanna Debono Gozo
John Dalli Finance
Dr Tonio Borg Justice
Dr Michael Refalo Tourism
Dr Censu Galea Transport & Communications

Note:  A number of Parliamentary Secretaries were appointed to help in the Ministries. Dr Guido DeMarco resigned in March 1999 to be appointed President of the Republic.  Dr Joe Borg was appointed MInister for Foreign Affairs.

CABINET  2003 – March 2004

Minister Ministry
Dr Eddie Fenech Adami Prime Minister
Dr Lawrence Gonzi Social Policy & Parliamentary Affairs
Dr Louis Galea Education, Employment & Training
John Dalli Finance & Economic Affairs
Dr Francis Zammit Dimech Tourism
Censu Galea Transport & Communications
Dr Tonio Borg Justice & Home Affairs
Ninu Zammit Resources & Infrastructure
Giovanna Debono Gozo
Dr Louis Deguara Health
Dr Austin Gatt Information Technology & Investment
Dr Joe Borg Foreign Affairs
George Pullicino Rural Affairs
Jesmond Mugliett Youth & Arts
Parliamentary Secretary Portfolio
Dolores Cristina Social Policy
Dr Frans Agius Social Policy
Edwin Vassallo Economic Affairs
Not Tony Abela Economic Affairs
Dr Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici Justice & Home Affairs

Note: Dr Eddie Fenech Adami resigned from Prime Minister  and Leader of the Nationalist Party in March 2004.  In April 2004 he was appointed President of the Republic

 

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