RSS

MALTA 1091-1814

DOMINION SOVEREIGN

DATE

VICEROYS OF SICILY

FEUDAL LORDS AND OTHER RULERS

CAPITANO DELLA VERGA OF MALTA

House of Hauteville, 1091-1194

Roger of Sicily, Count of Malta (by right of conquest of Malta in 1091)

1091

Simon of Sicily, Count of Malta

1101-1113

Roger II, King of Sicily (from 1130)

1130-1154

William I, King of Sicily

1154-1166

William II of Sicily

1166-1189

Tancred, King of Sicily

1189-1194

Margaritone da Brindisi (1190-1197)

William III, King of Sicily (deposed)

1194

House of Hohenstaufen (Swabia) 1194-1266

Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily iure uxoris through Constance of Sicily

1194-1197

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily

1197-1250

Guglielmo da Brindisi (1197-1204)

Conrad IV of Germany, King of Sicily

1250-1254

Enrico Piscatore (1204-1265)

Conradin, King of Sicily (deposed)

1254-1258

Manfred, King of Sicily

1258-1266

Nicola Piscatore (Count of Malta) 1265-1266

House of of Anjou (Angevin) 1266-1282

Charles I of Naples, King of Sicily

1266-1282

House of Barcelona (Bellonid Aragonese) 1282-1410

Peter III of Aragon, King of Sicily

1282-1285

James II of Aragon, King of Sicily

1285-1296

Ruggiero Flor (1285-1296)

Frederick III, King of Sicily (Trinacria)

1296-1337

Donna Lucina wife of Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada (1299-1320), William son of Frederick (1330)

Peter II, King of Sicily (Trinacria)

1337-1342

Louis, King of Sicily (Trinacria)

1342-1355

John son of Frederick (1342-1348)

Frederick III the Simple, King of Siciy

1355-1377

Nicola Acciajoli/Manfredo Chiaramonte (1357-1360), Guido Ventimiglia (1360-1362), Guglielmo d’Aragona/Luigi son of Frederick (1377)

Giacomo Pellegrino 1356, Guglielmo Murina 1372

Martin I of Sicily iure uxoris through Mary of Sicily (reigning 1377-1402)

1390-1409

Giacomo d’Aragona (1387-1391), Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada (1391-1394), Artale d’Aragona (1394-1397)

Giulio Ricciari 1399, Francesco Gatto 1403, Giovanni di Santa Colomba 1406

Martin of Aragon, King of Sicily

1409-1410

Interregnum (1410-1412)

Interregnum ended by the Compromise of Caspe of 1412 which resolved the interregnum commenced by the death of King Martin I of Aragon in 1410 without a legitimate heir with the election of Fernando de Trastámara, el de Antequera (Ferdinand), Infante of Castile, grandson of Peter IV of Aragon through his mother Eleanor of Aragon, queen of Castile, a cognatic nephew of Martin.

House of Trastámara (Trastamaran Aragonese), 1412-1501

Ferdinand I of Aragon, King of Sicily

1412-1416

Principe ereditario Giovanni conte di Pegnafiel 1415

Diego de Portocarrero 1413, Diego della Terrazza 1414, Lupo Terrazza 1415

Alfonso V of Aragon, King of Sicily

1416-1458

Domenico Ram Vescovo di Lerida e Antonio Cardona 1416, Antonio Cardona, Martino de Turribus e Ferdinando Velasquez 1419, Niccolò Castagna (poi sostituito da Ferdinando Velasquez nel 1422), Arnaldo Ruggero de Pallas e Giovanni Podio 1421, Niccolò Speciale 1423, Guglielmo Moncada e Niccolò Speciale 1429, Ruggero Paruta 1435/1438, Bernardo Requesens 1439, Giliberto Centelles e Battista Platamone 1440, Raimondo Perellos 1441, Lupo Ximenes de Urrea 1443/1445

Antonio Cardona (1420-1425), Consalvo Monroy (1425-1427)

Ruggiero de Serriano 1418, Paolo de Pellegrino 1428, Antonio d’Esguanez 1429, Francesco Gatto 1431, Antonio d’Esguanez 1433, Francesco Platamone 1438, Antonio d’Esguanez 1439, Angaraldo d’Esguanez 1440, Carlo di Paterno’ 1454, Nardo de Bordino 1455, Stefano Pirrera 1456, Giovanni de Xabica 1457, Pietro Giovanni de Mazara 1458

John II of Aragon, King of Sicily

1458-1479

Giovanni de Moncayo 1459, Raimondo Moncada 1462, Bernardo Requesens 1463, Lupo Ximenes de Urrea 1465, Giovanni Cardona conte di Prades 1477

Pietro de Valdes 1460, Bartolomeo de Clementis 1461, Paolo de Nasis 1462, Raimondo de Parisio 1466, Giovanni de Mazara 1467, Tristano de Guevara 1468, Giorgio de Xabica 1470, Giovanni de Mazara 1471, Simone de Mazara 1473, Giovanni de Mazara 1474, Giorgio de Xabica 1475 , Giovanni di Mazara 1476, Simone di Mazara 1477, Giovani de Guevara 1479,

Ferdinand II of Aragon, King of Sicily

1468-1516

Gaspare de Spes 1479, Ferdinando de Acuña 1489, Giovanni La Nuza 1495, Raimondo Cardona 1507, Ugo Moncada 1509

 Giorgio de Xabica 1480, Torrea de Guevara 1481, Pietro de Ribera 1482, Pietro de Valdes 1484, Simone di Mazara 1486, Carlo de Guevara 1487, Antonio Gatto d’Esguanez 1493, Giovanni de Guevara 1500, Giacomo Falsone 1513, Manfredo Caxaro 1514, Matteo de Guevara 1516

House of Habsburg 1516-1700

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily (and his mother Joanna of Castile)

1516-1558

luogotenente Ettore Pignatelli Conte e Duca di Monteleone 1517, Ferrante I Gonzaga 1535

Giovanni di Mazara 1517, Ambrogio Falsone 1518, Luguterra de Nava 1519, Giovanni de Mazara 1520, Pietro de Stuniga 1521, Leonardo de Bordino 1522, Ambrogio Falsone 1521, Giovanni di Mazara 1524, Michele Falsone 1525, Pietro Falsone 1526, Giovanni de Nava 1527, Antonio d’Esguanez 1528

Fra Philippe Villiers de L’Isle-Adam (France) (elected in Rhodes on the 13th November, 1521) 24 March 1530 -21st August 1534.

Leonardo Calava 1530, Paolo de Nasis 1531, Antonio Falsone 1532, Antonio Manduca 1533, Matteo Falsone 1534

Fra Pierino del Ponte (Italy) 26th August 1534 – 17th November 1535.

Fra Didier de Saint Jaille ( France) 22nd November 1535 – 26th September 1536.

Antonio Manduca 1536

Fra Huan de Omedes (Aragon) 20th October 1536 – 6th September 1553.

Antono Goffredo Inguanez 1538, Matteo Falsone 1540, Antonio Manduca 1542, Vincenza Vasco 1545, Antonio Inguanez 1548, Girolamo d’Alagona 1550

Fra Claude de La Sengle (France) 11th September 1553 – 18th August 1557.

Matteo Falsone 1557

Philip II of Spain, King of Sicily

1556 – 1598

Giovanni de La Cerda Duca di Medinacoeli 1557, García Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, marchese di Villafranca del Bierzo 1565, Francesco Ferdinando Avalos-d’Aquino Marchese di Pescara 1568, Marc’Antonio Colonna Duca di Tagliacozzo 1577, Diego Enriquez Guzman Conte di Alba de Lista 1585, Enrico Guzman Conte di Olivares 1592

Fra Jean de La Vallette (Provence) 21st August 1557 – 21st August 1568.

Antonio de Guevara 1563, Matteo Falsone 1565, Antonio de Guevara 1568

Fra Peitro del Monte (Italy) 23rd August 1568 – 26th January 1572.

Alfonso Giovanni de Nava 1570, Francesco d’Aragona 1571

Fra Jean Levesque de La Cassiere (Auvergne) 30th January 1572 – 21st December 1581.

Giuseppe de Nava 1573, Alfonso Pietro de Nava 1574, Ferdinando de Guevara 1576, Francesco d’Aragona 1578, Ferrante de Guevara 1579, Salvatore Montagnes 1580, Francesco d’Aragona 1581

Fra Hughes Loubens de La Verdalle (Provence) 12th January 1582 – 4th May 1595.

Alfonso de Nava 1582, Gregorio Xerri 1584, Ugolino Navarra 1587, Giovanni Maria Cassia 1590, Gregorio Xerri 1592, Pietro de Guevara 1595

Philip III of Spain, King of Sicily

1598-1621

Bernardino Cardenas Duca di Maqueda 1598, Lorenzo Suarez Figueroa Duca di Feria 1602, Giovanni Fernandez Paceco Marchese di Vigliena, Duca d’Escalona 1605, Luogotenente del Re, Cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1610, Pedro Téllez-Girón, III duca di Osuna 1611, Luogotenente del Re cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1616, Francesco Lemos Conte di Castro 1616

Fra Martin Garzes (Aragon) 8th May 1595 – 7th February 1601.

Ambrogio Falsone 1597, Antonio Inguanez 1598, Gregorio Xerri 1599

Fra Alof de Wignacourt (France) 10th February 1601 – 14th September 1622.

Pietro de Guevara 1601 Giovanni Domenico Xerri 1603 Gregorio Xerri 1605 Michele Cassar 1609 Gregorio Xerri 1610 Giovanni Maria Cassia 1613 Gregorio Xerri 1615

Philip IV of Spain, King of Sicily

1621-1665

 Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia 1622, Luogotenente del Re cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1624, Antonio Pimentel Marchese di Tavora 1626, Francesco Fernandez de La Cueva Duca di Alburquerque 1627, Ferdinando Afan de Rivera Duca di Alcalà 1632, Francesco di Mello di Braganza Conte di Assumar 1639, Luogotenente del Re , Cardinale Giannettino Doria 1639, Luogotenente del Re , Monsignore Pietro Corsetto 1640, Giovanni Alfonso Enriquez de Cabrera Conte di Modica 1641, Piero Faxardo Zuniga y Requesens Marchese de Los Veles 1644, Don Giovanni d’Austria 1649, Luogotenente del Re Melchiorre Centelles di Borgia 1650, Roderigo Mendoza y Roxas y Sandoval Duca dell’Infantado 1651, Giovanni Telles Giron Duca di Ossuna 1655, Luogotenente del Re Martino de Redin Priore di Navarra 1656, Ferdinando d’Ayala Conte d’Ayala 1660, Francesco Caetani Duca di Sermoneta 1663

Fra Luis Mendez de Vasconcellos (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 17th September 1622 – 7th March 1623.

Antonio Cumbo 1623

Fra Antoine de Paule (Provence) 10th March 1623 – 9th June 1636.

Giovanni Domenico Felice 1624 Giovanni Vincenzo Castelletti 1625 Francesco Mamo 1627 Antonio Torrensi 1629 Francesco Perdicomati 1633 Diego Ferriolo 1635 Giacomo Testaferrata de Robertis 1636

Fra Jean Paul Lascaris de Castellar (Provence) 13th June 1636 – 14th August 1657.

Diego Antonio Ferriol 1638 Ignazio Bonnici 1640 Lorenzo Cassar 1642 Silvestro Fiteni 1644 Pietro Cassar 1652 Gio Battista Micallef 1653 Gregorio Bonnici 1654 Gio Battista Micallef 1656

Fra Martin de Redin (Aragon) 17th August 1657 – 6th February 1660.

Antonio Xara 1658 Pietro Cassia 1659

Fra Annet de Clermont Gessan (Auvergne) 9th February 1660 – 2nd June 1660

Gio. Domenico Muscat 1660

Fra Raffael Cottoner (Aragon) 5th June 1660 – 20th October 1663.

Gio. Maria Cardona 1662

Fra Nicholas Cottoner (Aragon) 23rd October 1663 – 29th April 1680.

Gio. Domenico Muscat 1663 Antonio Xara 1664 Giacinto Macedonia 1668 Gio. Domenico Muscat 1669 Stanislao Xara 1671 Pietro Mompalao 1673 Giacinto Macedonia 1675 Alessandro Mompalao 1677 Antonio Xara 1678 Domenico Bonnici 1680

Charles II of Spain, King of Sicily

1665-1700

Francesco Fernandez de La Cueva duca di Alburquerque 1667, Claudio Lamoral Principe di Ligne 1670, Francesco Bazan y Benavides Marchese di Baiona 1674, Federico di Toledo e Osorio Marchese di Villafranca 1674, Aniello Guzman Marchese di Castel Roderigo 1676, Governatrice Eleonora di Mora marchesa di Castel Roderigo 1677, luogotenente provvisorio cardinale Ludovico Fernandez Portocarrero arcivescovo di Toledo 1677, Vincenzo Gonzaga dei duchi di Mantova duca di Guastalla 1678, Francesco Benavides Conte di Santo Stefano 1679, Giovan Francesco Pacecho Duca di Uzeda 1687, Pietro Colon Duca di Veraguas 1696

Fra Giorgio Carafa (Italy) 2nd May 1680 – 21st July 1690.

Pietro Mompalao 1682 Gio. Batta Bonnici 1684 Baldassare Theuma 1686 Mario Testaferrata 1689

Fra Adrein de Wignacourt (France) 24th July 1690 – 4th February 1697.

Giovanni Gourgion 1692

Fra Ramon Perellos y Roccaful (Aragon) 7th February 1697 – 10th January 1720.

 Martino Antonio Perdicomati 1698 Calcerano Mompalao 1700 Fabrizio Testaferrata 1702 Marc’ Antonio Inguanez 1705 Gusman Cassar 1709 Antonio Bonnici 1710 Marc’ Antonio Inguanez 1713 Antonio Muscat 1715 Pietro Mompalao 1717

House of Bourbon 1700-1713

Philip V of Spain, King of Sicily.

1700-1713

Giovanni Emanuele Fernandez Pacecho de Acuna Duca di Escalona 1701, Cardinale Francesco del Giudice 1702, Isidoro de La Cueva y Bonavides Marchese di Bedmar 1705, Carlo Antonio Spinola Marchese de los Balbases 1707

At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, by the Treaty of Utrecht, Sicily was ceded to the Duke of Savoy.

House of Savoy, 1713-1720

Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, King of Sicily.

1713-1718

 Conte Annibale Maffei 1714, Giovan Francesco di Bette Marchese di Lede 1718, Niccolò Pignatelli Duca di Monteleone 1719

The Spanish invaded Sicily in 1718 during the War of the Quadruple Alliance. The Duke of Savoy ceded it to Austria in 1720 by the Treaty of The Hague.

House of Habsburg (1720-1735)

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily.

1720-1735

fra Gioacchino Fernandez Portocarrero Conte di Palma 1722, Cristoforo Fernandez de Cordoba Conte di Sastago 1728

Fra Marcantonio Zondadari (Italy) 13th January 1720 – 16th June 1722.

Marc’ Antonio Inguanez 1721

Sicily conquered by the Spanish during the War of the Polish Succession the kingdom was ceded in 1735 together with Naples to a cadet son of the King of Spain, confirmed by the 1738 Treaty of Vienna.

House of Bourbon-Naples 1735–1799

Charles III of Spain, King of Sicily

1735-1759

Giuseppe Carrillo Albornoz Conte di Montemar 1734, Bartolomeo Corsini Principe di Gismano 1737, Eustachio Duca di Viefuille 1747, Giuseppe Griman 1754, Giovanni Fogliani Aragona Marchese di Pellegrino 1755

Fra Antonio Manoel de Vilhena (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 19th June 1722 – 10th December 1736.

Pietro Paolo Galea 1730 Ferdinando Castelletti 1733

Fra Ramon Despuig (Aragon) 16th December 1736 – 15th January 1741.

Marc’ Antonio Inguanez 1740

Fra Emmanuel Pinto (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 18th January 1741 – 23rd January 1773

Salvatore Manduca 1761

Gio. Francesco D’Amico 1764

Fra Francisco Ximenes de Texada (Aragon) 28th January 1773 – 9th November 1775.

Pasquale Sceberras Testaferrata 1775

Fra Emmanuel de Rohan (France) 12th November 1775 – 13 July 1797.

Gregorio Bonnici 1797

Ferdinand IV, King of Sicily. (from 1816, styled Ferdinand I of 2 Sicilies)

1759 – 1798

Serafino Filangeri Arcivescovo di Palermo 1773, Marc’Antonio Colonna Principe di Stigliano 1775, Domenico Caraccíolo Marchese di Villamarina 1781, Viceré e Capitan generale Francesco d’Aquino, principe di Caramanico 1786, Viceré e Capitan generale Francesco D’Aquino, principe di Caramanico 1794, Filippo Lopez y Royo di Taurisano, Arcivescovo di Palermo 1795, Viceré e Capitan generale Tommaso Firrao Principe di Luzzi 1798

Fra Ferdinand von Hompesch (Germany) 17th July 1797 – 12 June 1798 (surrendered), died in Montpellier (France) 12 May 1805

First Capitulation of Malta: 10 June 1798. the Capitano della Verga Gregorio Bonnici, and the Jurats Salvatore Manduca, Ferdinando Tuma, Salvatore Tabone, and Romualdo Barbaro on behalf of the people sign an act of Capitulation in favour of Vincenzo Barbara representing the French Republic.

Second Capitulation of Malta 12 June 1798: Representatives of the Order sign the act of Surrender in favour of Napoleon Bonaparte representing the French Republic. The Bailiff de Turin Frisari signs without prejudice to the right of dominion which belongs to my Sovereign the King of the two Sicilie.

Republic of France (1798) (1798-1800)

French Directoire

1798 1798-1800

Commmission of Government appointed by General in Chief Bonaparte

Malta divided into 8 municipalities

September 1798: Insurgency in Malta against the French

December 1798: Ferdinand IV flees Naples for Sicily.

1798-1799: A number of refugee Knights in St Petersburg elected the Russian Emperor, Paul I as their Grand Master – a rival Grand Master to Ferdinand Hompesch then held in disgrace. Hompesch abdicated in 1799 leaving Paul as the Grand Master.

23 January 1799 to 13 June 1799: Republic in Naples (Parthenopean Republic)

18 February 1799, Establishment of Maltese Congresso Nazionale (later National Assembly)

1799-1800: Ferdinand IV is reinstated in the throne of Naples.

1799-1801: Paul I demands return of Malta to the Order.

September 1799: Alexander John Ball appointed Governor of Malta by King of Naples

Capitulation of Malta – 5 September 1800: The Commander in Chief Vaubois surrenders to His Brittanic Majesty.

1800: Commencement of evacuation of British troops and establishment of Neapolitan troops on the Islands.

1801: Paul I of Russia dies

1801: Ball is recalled.

1801: Charles Cameron appointed ‘Civil Commissioner’

March 1801: Peace negotiations commenced beteen Britain and France. One of the terms of the resulting Treaty of Amiens (27 March 1802) was the restoration of the Knights of St John to Malta.

1801: Although the new Grand Master (Principe Ruspoli) was nominated by the Pope, the British appealed to the Order’s General Chapter on grounds that it did not recognize the Russian Grand Priory as legitimate.

1802: Ball returns to Malta as Minister plenipotentiary to the Order of St John.

15 June 1802: Under the authority of the Congress of the Islands of Malta and Gozo a declaration is made that the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is Sovereign Lord of the Islands, subject to a number of conditions.

October 1802: Suspension of evacuation of British troops.

February 1803: Napoleon, Britain and Naples agreed to a further nomination by the Pope – Giovanni Battista Tommasi – as new Grand Master of the Order.

May 1803: Renewal of hostilities between France and United Kingdom

May 1803: Ball appointed Civil Commissioner. Gives instructions for removal of Neapolitan forces.

14 February 1806: Napoleon declares that the Bourbon dynasty had forfeited the crowns of Naples and Sicily, and proclaimed his brother Joseph as King.

1806-1814: Ferdinand continues to reign over Sicily under British protection.

1808: Joachim Murat succeeds Joseph Napoleon in the titles of King of Sicily and King of Naples.

1809: Ball dies.

September 1810: Murat aborts invasion of Sicily.

1812: In Sicily, a new Constitution is enacted under Ferdinand.


House of Bourbon-Naples 1799-1806

House of Bourbon Sicily 1799-1814

Ferdinand IV, King of Sicily. (from 1816, styled Ferdinand I of 2 Sicilies)

1800 -1806

Domenico Pignatelli Arcivescovo di Palermo 1802, Alessandro Filangeri Principe di Cutò 1803

Baron Francesco Gauci 1800

Count Giovanni Francesco Sant 1801

House of Bonaparte and House of Murat, 1806
– 1815

Joseph I

1806 – 1808

Count Giovanni Francesco Sant 1806

Joachim I King of Two Sicilies by the Edict of Bayonne

1 August 1808 – 30 May 1814

Giuseppe Bonnici (Reggente) 1814

Giuseppe Muscat 1815

Treaty of Paris, dated 30 May,1814 stipulates: “The island of Malta and its dependencies shall belong in full right and sovereignty to his Britannic majesty“. Ratified by Congress of Vienna.

precedence

 

Comments are closed.

 
%d bloggers like this: